John Fiske


Wilderness and Empire by John Fiske No 4





Jean Nicollet

Nicollet explores Lake Michigan

Father Jogues near Lake Superior

Radisson and Groseilliers

Accession of Louis XIV

His changes in Canadian administration

Two expeditions against the Iroquois, J 666

Contrasts between New France and New England

The French trading route to the Northwest

The coureurs de bois

Father Allouez on the Wisconsin

The French take possession of the Northwest

Father Allouez depicts the greatness of Louis XIV

Early life of La Salle

La Salle comes to Canada

La Salle hears of the Ohio and resolves to explore it

His expedition combined with a mission exploration of the Sulpicians

The way blocked by the Senecas

Meeting with Joliet

La Salle parts from the Sulpicians

La Salle explores the Ohio

Frontenac succeeds Courcelles

Character of Frontenac

Joliet chosen to explore the Mississippi


Joliet and Marquette reach the Mississippi

They pass the mouth of the Missouri

The return

La Salle's great designs

The Mississippi valley to be occupied

Difficulty of carrying out so vast a plan

La Salle's privileges arouse opposition

Fort Frontenac granted to La Salle

La Salle builds the Griffin

Henri de Tonty

Louis Hennepin

The voyage of the Griffin

La Salle's terrible winter journey

Fresh disasters

La Salle goes to rescue Tonty

Destruction of the Illinois village by the Iroquois

La Salle's winter voyage down the Mississippi

La Salle returns to France

Failure of the Mississippi expedition

La Salle's death

This ebook is the fourth chapter of New France and New England by John Fiske, published in 1902. He comes from The historical writings of John Fiske, in twelve volumes, here is at the beginning of Volume IX.

Note about cover: Photographed from seaplane near James Bay, QC, by Noémi Lambert in July 2009.

Mots clés : John Fiske, first chapter of New France and New England by John Fiske, published in 1902. He comes from The historical writings of John Fiske, in twelve volumes, here is the beginning of Volume IX. Chapter 4, Wilderness and Empire

Witchcraft of Salem by John Fiske No 5



Louis XIV commutes the sentence of death imposed upon alleged witches

The parliament of Normandy protests

The belief in witchcraft universal

Vitality of the belief 

Cause of the final decay of the belief 

Rise of physical science

An English witch trial before Sir Matthew Hale

Grotesque evidence

Indications of shamming ignored

Sir Matthew Hale affirms the reality of witchcraft

Revival of witchcraft superstition

The Hammer of Witches

King James on the reality of witchcraft

The delusion increases with the rise of the Puritan party to power

Last executions for witchcraft

Primitive America regarded as a domain of the Devil

The first victim of the witchcraft delusion in New England

The case of Mrs Hibbins

A victim of malice acting through superstition

A sensible jury 

The Goodwin children

Cotton Mather

His character

His courage in advocating inoculation

Views of Calef and Upham

Mr. W. F. Poole

Cotton Mather and the Goodwin case

Cotton Mather and the Goodwin girl

Tests of bewitchment

Mather publishes an account of this case

Cotton Mather's book and the Salem troubles

Gloomy outlook in 1692

Salem village

Samuel Parris, the pastor

Parish troubles in Salem village

Mr. Parris' s coloured servants

The "afflicted children"

Mistress Ann Putnam

Beginnings of the troubles

Physicians and clergymen called in

The trial of Sarah Good

The accusation of Martha Corey and Rebecca

Character of Martha Corey

Rebecca Nurse

A village feud

The examination of Rebecca Nurse

Deodat Lawson

The spread of the delusion

Cases of personal malice

The Reverend George Burroughs

The special court erected

The advice of the ministers

Spectral evidence

The jury acquit Rebecca Nurse

The court sends them back

The case of Mary Easty

Mary Easty torn from her home at midnight

Doubt perilous

Peine forte et dure

The Reverend Mr. Noyes

The petition of Mary Easty

Her warning

Sudden collapse of the trials

Reaction follows the intense strain

The accusers aim too high

Accusers threatened with a suit for damages

The Court of Oyer and Terminer abolished

Cotton Mather

Explanation of Mather's speech

Judge Se wall's public acknowledgment of wrong

Ann Putnam's confession

Were the accusers misled or shamming?

Evidences of collusion

Was there a deliberate conspiracy?

Contagion of hysterical emotion

Psychology of hallucinations

Playing with fire

The evils of publicity in the examinations

Explanation of Mrs. Putnam's part

She exercised hypnotic control over the children

The case of Salem village helps one to realize the

terrors of the witchcraft delusion in the past

This ebook is the fifth chapter of New France and New England by John Fiske, published in 1902. He comes from The historical writings of John Fiske, in twelve volumes, here is at the middle of Volume IX

The Great Awakening by John Fiske No 6



The reaction from the witchcraft delusion

Rise of secular opposition to the theocracy

The Halfway Covenant

The South Church

The opposition to the theocracy lays the foundation of Toryism 

The new charter of Massachusetts

The Bratde Church founded 1698

Relaxation of conditions of membership

Cotton Mather's alarm

The theocracy helpless under the new charter

The new church finally recognized

The effort to get a new charter for Harvard

Governor Bellomont vetoes a test act for college officers

Rise of liberalism in the college

President Increase Mather displaced

Cotton Mather's indignation

Governor Dudley

The new charter for Harvard a substantial reenactment of that of 1650

Conditions in Connecticut

New Haven annexed to Connecticut

Comparison of Massachusetts and Connecticut

Causes of Connecticut conservatism

The tendency in organizations to become rigid and mechanical

The instance of the Cambridge Platform, 1648

Lack of a party of opposition in Connecticut

The Saybrook Platform

The platform tends to assimilate Congregationalism to Presbyterianism

Massachusetts and Connecticut change places

The founding of Yale College

The conservative tendencies of Connecticut reinforced by the college

State of religion early in the eighteenth century

Rise of commercial interests


Jonathan Edwards

Edwards's vein of mysticism

His emphasis on conversion


The Revival of 1734 

George Whitefield invited to New England

Gilbert Tennent

James Davenport

Comparison with the Antinomians

Whitefield's return to New England

Davenport arrested for public disturbance

Last days of Edwards

Results of the Awakening

End’s note

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This ebook is the sixth chapter of New France and New England by John Fiske, published in 1902. He comes from The historical writings of John Fiske, in twelve volumes, here is at the middle of Volume IX.

After From Cartier to Champlain, The Beginnings of Quebec, The Lords of Acadia - Later history of Champlain and Wilderness and Empire, Witchcraft of Salem, and here The Great Awakening, enjoyed it.